National Anti-Corruption Conference

Last year, APSEA joined the Multi-Sectoral initiative Against Corruption, a platform that brings together various sectors including private sector, religious, civil society, women, youth, media, and professionals, has had deliberations within each of their sectors, with the intent of undertaking self-reflection sessions on the ills of corruption, and designing holistic strategies for addressing the same.
Kenya has made significant reforms that have largely driven sustained economic growth, social development and political gains over the past decade. However, its key deterrent to the actualization of its potential is the prevalence of corruption that has embedded itself within the fiber of society.
As the Professional Sector, we have held several meetings and professional bodies within the APSEA membership have carried out a self-assessment of the various forms of corruption within their profession and have outlined strategies to prevent and fight corruption in its various forms. The individual association’s reports were consolidated into the Professional Sector Anti-Corruption Report.
It is against this backdrop that the Multi-Sectoral Initiative has organized a National Anti-Corruption Conference slated to take place on the 24th & 25th of January 2019 at Bomas of Kenya from 8:00 am. The chief Guest shall be His Excellency President Uhuru Kenyatta.
As a Member of the Multi-Sectoral Initiative, APSEA invites you all, as Professionals to the National Anti-Corruption Conference to deliberate and amalgamate the different strategies into a grand citizen and sector-led action plan to combat corruption. Please note that there are no charges for participation.
Attendance shall only be by confirmation, by sending in your full names and phone number and 0787690529 or 0775098895 ASAP.



Premier colloque sur la géologie des bassins sédimentaires maghrébins

Projet d’organisation d’un colloque sur la géologie des bassins maghrébins.

Le Maghreb, en général, se singularise par une diversité géographique, une variété importante et une grande qualité des affleurements géologiques. Ce grand territoire est constitué à prés de 75% de sa surface de terrains sédimentaires. Les terrains sédimentaires affleurant couvrent toutes les périodes géologiques. Ce fait a généré une grande communauté des géologues spécialisés.

Ce colloque “premier colloque sur la géologie des bassins sédimentaires maghrébins” que nous voulons organiser, se veut comme une halte afin d’actualiser nos connaissances dans les différents domaines des géosciences mais aussi d’ouvrir des perspectives de recherche dans l’avenir. En effet une quantité importante de mémoires et thèses ont été achevés et leurs résultats sont souvent publiés dans des revues destinées à un publique averti. Nous visons à travers ce colloque une sensibilisation pour les géosciences dans le domaine sédimentaire afin de mieux évaluer nos ressources hydriques, minérales et énergétiques.

Important : Le colloque se tiendra du 28 au 30 Avril 2019.
La date limite d’envoi des résumés est fixée au 15 Février 2019.
Les notifications d’acceptation seront données le 01 Mars 2019.

Abstract submission>

One More Geological Clue Still Pending; “The Obsidian of the Land of Punt”

By: Mahmoud A. Emam

Teaching Assistant, Institute of African Studies and Research, Cairo University.

All the copyrights for the registered letter belong to the authors – This is not a published letter yet, the authors need to address the comments by the readers before the publication.

From the Old Kingdom (c. 2575–2150 BC) onwards, Punt was frequently recorded in Egyptian royal, private, religious and literary texts as a geographical region from which frankincense and other exotic products were imported as well as that mythical place from which marvelous things came to Egypt. Egypt relationship to Land of Punt is based on commercial interests. Such trading contacts are attested by commemorative stelae, tomb reliefs, and most notably by the reliefs in Queen Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir El-Bahri.

The location of Punt and its routes from Egypt have been debated for more than century, because these Egyptian textual and representational evidence only provides a general picture of Punt. Many different hypotheses have been advanced by Egyptologists to locate Punt in specific geographical regions. Arabia, Somalia, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia and Eritrea, all of these places and others have been suggested at one time or another. But recently a collection of additional archaeological, anthropological, geographical, botanical and zoological evidence assist in locating Punt on African coast in the northern Horn of Africa (i.e. northern Ethiopia and Eritrea; Fig. 1). However, in point of view, the geological evidence still pending.

Wadi Gawasis (Fig.1) on the Red Sea coast is the main port to sail to this land, where the archaeologists discovered inscribed ostraca, well-preserved timber, limestone anchors, stelae recording seafaring expeditions to Punt. Structures associated with the stelae at Wadi Gawasis on the Red Sea coast provided the first archaeological evidence that the Egyptians were navigating in the Red Sea.

There are a lot of foreign materials had been discovered in this port including ship timbers, anchors, ropes, cargo boxes, administrative devices, ostraca, fragments of papyri, lithics, plant and animal remains and pottery (e.g. Ancient Ona ware, early Adulis ware from Eritrea, Gash Group ware and Nubian ware from the region of the 4th Cataract in Sudan, Malayba ware, and Sabir ware from Southern Arabia). In addition to raw materials, researchers found African ebony most likely from the northwestern slopes of the highlands in Eritrea, and obsidian (which did not analysed yet).

Fig.1: the location of Wadi Gawasis port, and the land of Punt. (Fattovich, 2012)

Obsidian is a natural volcanic glass of rhyolite composition (defined by a silica content of around 70% by weight). Due to its numerous qualities – physical and aesthetic – it is well known both as a luxury item and tool material throughout the prehistoric and historic world. Obsidian is the sharpest available raw material and is homogeneous in nature, making it easily workable and desirable as a tool of production. The ancient Egyptians used obsidian to inlay statue eyes, jewels, and amulets (Fig. 2). Geologically, there are no sources of obsidian in Egypt, while many obsidian sources documented on either side of the southern Red Sea (Fig. 3), near to the Land of Punt.

Fig. 2: Ancient Egyptian artifacts from obsidian, Suez National Museum.

A geochemical homogeneity of each obsidian source allows obsidian to traceable back source at outcrop. That requires geochemical characterization of sources in order to establish the origins of obsidian artifacts. Chemical or mineralogical analysis samples of obsidian recently discovered from these Wadi Gawasis port will help the determine its geochemical characterization in order to locating these source region, by comparing the results with at numerous samples of obsidian collected and already analysed from both sides of southern Red Sea coasts, which will definitely shed new lights to find the location of the Land of Punt, or approve the current theory at least.

Fig. 3: The sources of obsidian in the southern Red Sea coasts. (Khalidi, 2010)


Fattovich, R. (2012) “Egypt’s trade with Punt: New discoveries on the Red Sea coast”, British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 18, 1–59.

Khalidi, L. (2010) “Holocene Obsidian Exchange in the Red Sea Region”, in The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia: Paleoenvironments, Prehistory and Genetics, Petraglia, M. D., Rose, J. I., (eds.), Netherlands: Springer, 279-291.

Kitchen, K. (1971) “Punt and how to get there”, Orientalia 40,184–207.

Meeks, D. (2003) “Locating Punt”, in Mysterious Lands: encounters with ancient Egypt, O’Connor, D., Quirke, S., London: University College of London Press, 53–80.

Phillips, J. (1997) “Punt and Aksum: Egypt and the Horn of Africa”, the Journal of African History 38, 423-457

Sayed, A. M. (1978) “The recently discovered port on the Red Sea shore”, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 64, 69-71.

Wicker, F.D.P. (1998) “The road to Punt”, Geographical Journal 164, 45-56.

Women in Geosciences

10th International Conference of the African Association of Women in Geosciences “EARTH SCIENCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA” – Luanda / Angola, 27 – 31 July 2020. Organised by AFRICAN ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN IN GEOSCIENCES (AAWG), ANGOLAN ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN GEOCIENTISTS (AAMG) and in partnership with THE GOVERNMENT OF ANGOLA – More information

3rd edition of the KENYA MINING FORUM

The 3rd edition of the KENYA MINING FORUM Conference & Exhibition, 12-13 November in Nairobi, at the Safari Park Hotel.

The 3rd edition of the KENYA MINING FORUM Conference & Exhibition organised in partnership with the KENYA CHAMBER OF MINES – KCM, with mining companies BASE TITANIUM and ACACIA MINING among the lead sponsors. KENYA MINING FORUM is the premier strategic business and investment platform focusing on Kenya’s MINING, QUARRYING, INFRASTRUCTURE and GEMSTONES sectors.

 The 2017 edition of KENYA MINING FORUM has gathered participants from 18 countries and the leading mining companies and projects developers in Kenya such as BASE TITANIUM – KWALE MINE, ACACIA MINING, KILIMAPESA GOLD – GOLDPLAT PLC, TATA CHEMICALS MAGADI, TURKANA GOLD MINES – TAM MINING, MAYFOX MINING, KAREBE GOLD MINES, RIO TINTO, MIMO GEMS, PORINI GEMS, and many others as well as Geologists, Government representatives and both local and international equipment and solutions providers.

 This year again KENYA MINING FORUM will bring together the key industry stakeholders to enhance business, investment and operations in Kenya, offering a premium access to the current and upcoming opportunities in the region.

KENYA MINING FORUM would be the right platform for you to discuss your projects in Kenya, to get the latest insight about the development of the industry and to engage directly with a highly targeted audience.

By attending the event as a Delegate, you will have a full access to the followings:

–          High-level and strategic Conference

–          Indoor Exhibition and product display

–          Online B2B Matchmaking Platform to plan some of your key meeting prior to the event

–          Outdoor equipment display area

–          Technical workshops

–          Networking functions, including lunches, coffee breaks and cocktail functions


More information